Stories are all about the people in them (just like real life) and so of course, the most important scenes of any story are the ones where the characters experience intense emotions. It's important to portray them accurately, and strike a balance that neither downplays the magnitude of their emotions nor comes off as melodramatic. This is, unfortunately, really hard and I'm by no means a master of it myself. But I've learned a few principles from a lot of examples, both good and bad, that I want to share here.

It's almost always best to communicate the character's feelings through their thoughts that surround the emotion rather than directly using the word for the emotion. Example: instead of writing (assuming 1st person present) "I'm really mad at her", write, "What the hell! How could she do this and think it's okay?" Concrete thoughts like this make it far easier for a reader to imagine the character's feelings than just stating how the character feels. (This is an application of "show, don't tell".)

A related technique - these can and often should be combined - is to use the bodily reactions caused by many emotions. Mentioning how a character presses their eyes shut to begin crying or gets a pit in their stomach when they're afraid greatly helps the audience to imagine the character's suffering.

Another important element in applicable media is the use of music. Of course, a lot of this responsibility falls on the musician and not the writer, but there's still some decisions the writer can make.

I think the reason this is so important is that it mirrors how we react. Most if not all of us, if something like that happened while we were speaking, would trail off our voices and give a moment of silence.

One pitfall I want to mention briefly is that having your POV shout their friend's name in all caps upon seeing them die is not realistic or relatable. It's not how a real person would react - none that I know at least - and it shows no thought, nothing that helps us feel with them. It's also incredibly cliched.

Now lemme talk about some examples of scenes in other people's work that worked and some that didn't.

Doki Doki Literature Club is a masterpiece in this regard. For an example, I'll go through MC's reaction to (major spoiler!) Sayori's death.

For a bad example, I could always criticize Star Wars. I know I've already talked about this but the total lack of any acknowledgement of fear really hurts the action scenes. How can you take these characters for real people when they don't show the slightest bit of fear getting shot at by a trained army and being trapped on the Death Star with no foreseeable way out? In real life, mortal danger is scary. Most people, if not fleeing or trying to surrender, would either be screaming or swearing their heads off in a situation like that.

This page was last modified 2020 May 26, Tuesday, 15:11 (UTC)