I've long said that the terminology of "left/liberal/democrat versus right/conservative/republican" in American politics bugs me because each side of that artificial dichotomy isn't a single idea, but a random amalgamation of ideas that are, in truth, completely unrelated.
Lately, I think I've come to understand what "left versus right" is really about. There seem to be five different conflicts, and they're found together so often just because of local groupthink and self-perpetuating parenting.
Axis 1: Communism.¶
This goes outside of government. It's not a hard rule, but left-leaning individuals often favors forced equality to the point of disregarding individuals' differing merit, while right-leaning ones more often judge individuals on their actions even if their actions are unequal.
Axis 2: Gender roles.¶
The left rejects gender roles.
Axis 3: The perversion of sex.¶
The left, on the other hand, usually believes that sex has no special value but is just a way to derive pleasure.
However, leftists still usually abhor pedophilia, even if it's totally consensual on both ends.
Axis 4: The invention of gender identity.¶
The right does not invent a fake concept of gender as separate from sex.
Axis 5: Partisan counter-bigotry.¶
The right is less disposed to judge people based on superficial traits (outside of gender roles, but at least those are somewhat two-sided rather than "one good the other bad", which is how liberals seem to feel in practice).
Libertarians, far less often discussed, tend to have all of these axes right except axis 3 (where they take a left position). I think this is because "libertarianism" is the only one of these labels that actually maps to a single idea: the non-aggression principle (or stated in Protagonist terms, the valuation of Consent as close to the only moral value). Libertarians are the most consistent, although to really be consistent in that idea you have to be an anarchist.