Thoya conlang: demonstrative- and quantifier-type compounds

Demonstratives are words like 'this' and 'that'. English has only two, where 'this' denotes something near or associated with the speaker and 'that' denotes something not so. Most other languages that I've seen (Spanish, Latin, Japanese) separate 'that' into one that denotes something near or associated with the listener, and one that denotes something distant from both of you. So basically a 1st, 2nd and 3rd person.

Thoya has four person-distinctions for this. A 1st person, a 2nd person, a 3rd person, and a "1st and 2nd" person, which denotes something near or associated with both the speaker and the listener.

There's also a time axis. In English, 'this' also implies "the present or the near future", and becomes 'that' if referring to something in the past. For example:

Note also the existence of *place* versions of the demonstratives: *here* and *there*. There are also time versions: *now* and *then*.

Thoya uses a prefix-suffix structure for these words: there are prefixes for each of the demonstrative persons, and suffixes for thing, person, place, time, and case. There are also quantifier prefixes, which allow building words like "everywhere", "nowhere", "often" and "sometimes".


For demonstrative persons, replace q with f to form the past version.


Full list

Here are some use examples for the demonstrative persons:

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